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CROSSWIND TAKE-OFF

CROSSWIND TAKE-OFF

Description

Takeoff roll, lift-off and initial climb with some wind acting perpendicular to the runway.

Objective

To teach techniques necessary for a takeoff when the wind is not aligned with the runway.

Elements

         Clear the area

         Choose forced landing area

         Configure aircraft: flaps up, cowl flaps open, propeller to full

         Select outside references: vanishing point on runway

         Taxi onto runway centerline, using wind correction during taxi

         Position full ailerons into the direction of the wind (turn into for headwinds, dive away from tailwinds)

         Smoothly apply full power

         Anticipate need for right rudder pressure and to maintain centerline

         Check engine instruments (in green)

         As controls become effective, gradually reduce aileron / rudder pressures

         At VR (C172RG: 55 KIAS), gradually apply back pressure to lift nose wheel

         Pitch for normal climb attitude, climb at VY (C172RG: 84 KIAS)

         Gear up upon positive rate of climb, safe airspeed, no useable runway

         Crab into wind as necessary to maintain extended runway centerline

         Maintain ball centered

         Look for traffic

 

Discuss maximum demonstrated crosswind component. Discuss taxi wind correction (turn into for headwinds, dive away from tailwinds).

Common Errors

         Failure to adequately clear the area prior to taxiing onto the active runway

         Using less than full aileron pressure into the wind initially on the takeoff roll

         Mechanical use of aileron control rather than sensing the need for varying aileron control input through feel for the airplane

         Premature lift-off resulting in side-skipping

         Excessive aileron input in the latter stage of the takeoff roll resulting in a steep bank into the wind at lift-off

         Inadequate drift correction after lift-off

References

FAA-H-8083-3A Airplane Flying Handbook p. 5-5


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